English 585

Issues in Rhetoric, Writing, & Linguistics
English 585
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Fall 2011

Instructor: Dr. Russel Hirst

Time: MW 9:40-1055 a.m.

Place: HSS 201

Phones: 974-6952 (o); 5401 (sec); 6926 (fax)

Office hrs.: MW 11:00 am–12:00 pm

Course Description
This course looks at issues in rhetoric, writing, and linguistics from multiple disciplinary perspectives.  These perspectives come from theories of rhetoric, composition, readability, literature, linguistics, cognitive science, and visual design. My own research focuses on efficient and ethical style as informed by these perspectives, and also on historical rhetoric, especially homiletics.

During the first 2/3 of the semester, I will mostly lecture and lead discussion, and you shall read, about important issues that are being or have been discussed/debated in the professional RWL literature.  Also during this first 2/3 of the semester, I’ll invite guests (other RWL faculty) to talk with you about their research and to lead discussions about the RWL issues that most interest them.  You’ll write a few brief reactions to readings and discussions and ponder which issues you’d like to explore in greater depth.  You may even land upon an issue that hasn’t been brought up in class, but I’ll ask you to consult with me about it.  Last 1/3 of semester, each of you shall deliver a 15-minute “conference talk” on an RWL issue of your choosing, then lead discussion about the issue during that class period.  You’ll get helpful feedback this way, both from me and from your peers.

At semester’s end, each of you must submit a paper describing and contributing to the discussion on an RWL-related issue.  Usually, your paper deals with the issue upon which you’ve presented and led discussion in class.  About 15  pages.  Your written paper is your final exam.

Additional readings, assigned by visiting scholars, will not be burdensome or numerous.  Usually, photocopies will be made for you in anticipation of the scholar’s visit, or you’ll be given a link to free online copies of the material.

For your “conference talk” and final paper, I’m guessing that many of you will take up issues in areas like civic & political rhetoric, linguistics, history & theory of classical rhetoric, discourse analysis, judicial language, composition studies, scientific & technical communication, genre studies, writing across the curriculum, Second Language studies, and so on.  We’ll talk about options as the course progresses.  I’m fairly tractable when I see that someone has genuine interest in something. I don’t expect you to demonstrate mastery of each topic discussed.  But you will emerge with an excellent sense of research going on in the rich, broad fields of Rhetoric, Writing, & Linguistics.


Required Texts

Aristotle on Rhetoric: A Theory of Civic Discourse, trans. and notes by George Kennedy.

Analyzing Prose, 2nd Edition, Richard A. Lanham

Figures of Speech: 60 Ways to Turn a Phrase, Arthur Quinn.


A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms, 2nd Edition
–Both of these are by Richard A. Lanham.  Get paperbacks; I recommend using Amazon.com.

You’ll also read articles that will be made available to you as files linked to my web site. Texts not thus available will generally be photocopied and provided to you in class.

Note: Handlist or Figures of Speech will be resources (we won’t read them cover to cover), but we’ll read and use most of Analyzing Prose.  For review of AP go to UT e-journals and find vol.19 issue 1 (January ’05) of the Journal of Business & Technical Communication, pages 117-121. The review is by Nancy Christiansen.


Write brief responses to readings as assigned.

Final Paper: TBA


Attend class regularly and discuss readings/issues/questions with Dr. Hirst and visiting faculty.

As described first day of class.


Schedule for English 585
Fall 2011

Schedule will adjust as semester unfolds.



Course objectives, structure, materials, and policies.
Reading: “On the End of Rhetoric, Classical and Modern.”

22 Readings by Ehninger, Weaver, and Scott.

24 Renewing Rhetoric’s Relation to Composition:
1) “Road Rhetoric: Recollecting, Recomposing, Remaneuvering,” by Theresa Enos.
(2) “Rhetoric Revival or Process Revolution?: Revisiting the Emergence of Composition-Rhetoric as a Discipline,” by David Fleming.

29 Renewing Rhetoric’s Relation to Composition:
(3) “It Still Takes Phronesis: Thirteen Ways of Looking at Practical Wisdom in Online Teaching for Global Learning,” by Hugh Burns.
(4) “The Impossible Rhetoric: The Impossible Composition,” by Susan Miller.
(5) “Section I Reflection: Recollecting and Recomposing Rhetoric,” by Thomas Miller and Jillian Skeffington.

31 Renewing Rhetoric’s Relation to Composition:
(7) “Rhetoric: The Cornerstone of a Graduate Program,” by Janice Laurer.
(10) “Mentoring—and (Wo)mentoring—in Composition Studies,” by Theresa Enos.
(14) “A Call for Comity,” by Theresa Enos.


5 Labor Day; class does not meet.































2 (Friday)
Final exam



Commonplace books, articles by Mazur and Thrush.

Article by Clements. The Philosophy of Style, Spencer.

Herbert Spencer’s Philosophy of Style: Conserving Mental Energy” by Dr. Hirst.
This article appears in JTWC Vol. 34, No.4

Style tutorials, fyi.

“Virtues and Vices of Omission,” Hirst (class handout).

Jargon article by Dr. Hirst, JTWC Vol. 33:3 (2003) pp. 201–229.

Weiss preface and Ch.1, 2 (class handouts)

Frink/Phelps style exercises.

Analyzing Prose vii–xvii, 1–28.

Quinn, Preface and Chapters 1-3.

Aristotle, Book 3: Chapters 1-3.

–Fahnestock handout.

Forest of Rhetoric.

Fahnestock essay #1, “Aristotle and Theories of Figuration.”

Visiting RWL faculty

Fahnestock essay #2, “Preserving the Figure.”




Analyzing Prose chapters 4 (“Styles Seen”) and 6 (“Tacit Persuasion Patterns”).


Responses from RWL faculty:

585 students: here is more info from Dr. Fishman (in response to inquiry from Stephanie Metz):

Hi Dr. Fishman,
The other day Dr. Hirst brought Hauser’s
Introduction to Rhetorical Theory to our 585 class as a book that gave a good foundational background for rhetoric.  Some of the students were wondering if there was a similar text for composition studies.  We were hoping you could help us out with some possible titles.  

Hi Stephanie,
Yours is a good question. Books like Lisa Ede’s Situating Composition, Susan Miller’s recently published Norton Anthology of Composition, and the second edition of Victor Villanueva’s Cross-Talk in Composition offer good foundations for future study, although unlike Hauser’s book they are more concerned with disciplinary formation and critical movements (or controversies) within the field.

Perhaps a good combination of readings would be Robert J. Connors’ Composition-Rhetoric and Sharon Crowley’s Composition in the University. Also, as historical supplements, I would suggest either James Berlin’s Writing Instruction in Nineteenth-Century American Colleges or John Brereton’s The Origins of Composition Studies in the American College (for 19-c historical antecedents) plus Thomas Miller’s The Formation of College English, which goes back to belles lettres and eighteenth-century British rhetorics in order to trace the formation of composition and college English as we know them today.

Sorry that’s not a simple answer with a single citation. Hopefully some or all of the above will be of some use.

Here are the earlier exchanges between y’all and visiting RWL faculty:

1. Lowry–Leki

Hello Dr. Leki,
Thank you so much for taking time to speak with our class today. It was a very interesting and informative discussion. I wanted to go ahead and send the follow up email and also find a time that would work to pick up the journals you mentioned in class.

1. What are some of the most prominent professional associations? 
The biggest international one for teachers is TESOL, which is Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (incidentally, yet another way to refer to multilingual English learners, and yet another one that is contested).  The biggest one in the US for researchers is AAAL (American Association of Applied Linguistics); the international version of that one is AILA and meets only every 2nd or 3rd year somewhere in a world capital.

TESOL has a website that can give people access to a lot of info: TESOL.com, including about special interest group within the organization, such as the Second Language Writing interest group.  But the best internet site for teaching ESL, especially abroad, is (believe it or not) Dave’s ESL Cafe (daveseslcafe.com <http://daveseslcafe.com> ).

2. What are some of the most important journals related to your field? 
TESOL Quarterly, Journal of Second Language Writing, Journal of English for Academic Purposes, English for Specific Purposes Journal, Modern Language Journal, Canadian Modern Language Journal, Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Language Learning, Written Communication (one of the few L1 journals that regularly publishes L2 research)

3. Please give us some suggestions of important literature (essays, articles, or books). 
Well, a good place to start to get a pretty complete overview of research in L2 writing is: Leki, I., Cumming, A., & Silva, T. (2008). A synthesis of research on second language writing in English.  New York:  Routledge.

The book I published on my longitudinal study, fyi, is:  Leki, I. (2007).  Undergraduates in a second language:  Challenges and complexities of academic literacy development.  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum

A couple of important research oriented  books are:
Harklau, L., Loser, K., & Siegal, M. (1999). Generation 1.5 meets college composition:  Issues in the teaching of witing to U.S.-educated learners of ESL.  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum
Casanave, C.P. (2004).  Controversies in second language writing:  Dilemmas and decisions in research and instruction.  Ann Arbor:  University of Michigan Press.

A couple of teaching oriented books that are solidly grounded in the research:
Ferris, D., & Hedgcock, J.  (2005).  Teaching ESL composition:  Purpose, process, and practice.  Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Ferris, D. (2003).  Response to student writing:  Implications for second language students.  Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Again, I know I speak for our whole class when I say thank you! We really appreciate you taking the time to come discuss your field and research.
Thanks, Ashley.  See you later.

2. Metz–Fishman

Hi Dr. Fishman,
Thanks for visiting our class today! I have a few follow-up questions to give us some more information for students who wish to pursue performative
rhetoric as a topic for papers later in the semester.  What are some of the major professional associations you would recommend in this field?  Which
journals could we look to for additional research?  What seminal texts could we investigate to ground our understanding of performative rhetoric?
Thanks, Stephanie Metz

Hi Stephanie, thanks for having me to class, and thanks for writing.

First, I should say that I like to call the area or subfield I discussed yesterday rhetoric and performance rather than performative rhetoric, which
sounds like a species or type of rhetoric, or rhetorical performance, which sounds like a species or type of performance.

As I mentioned in class, there is no canon for this emerging subfield. It’s too new and it may be too diverse. As an alternative to reaading a set core,
then, I think it’s helpful to read key texts in rhetoric (e.g., selections from _The Rhetorical Tradition_ edited by Patricia Bizzell and Bruce
Herzberg, various selections from our exam reading lists) and core texts in performance (e.g., _Performance_ by Marvin Carlson, _Critical Theory and
Performance_, edited by Janelle Reinelt and Joseph Roach). After that, the best thing to do is to seek out archives, criticism, and theory relevant to
particular subject areas within rhetoric and performance: history, theory, pedagogy, media (old and new), activism, gender and sexuality, race,
language, etc.

Given all of the above, it’s hard-and it may be counterproductive-to suggest specific journals. Instead, I recommend consulting these two working
bibliographies: writing and performance <http://www.jennfishmanphd.net/wordpress/?p=550> and rhetoric and performance
<http://www.jennfishmanphd.net/wordpress/?p=572>. As you’ll see, the are both collaboratively constructed lists of (mainly) books and articles, and
they reflect the breadth and depth of possibility for doing work in this area. They also reflect teachers’, scholars’, and practitioners’ refusal to
settle for a single definition of terms or a single set of research methods. Instead, work in this subfield is highly situated, and organized in relation
to the relationship of researchers, subject, and goals. In addition, I think these two highly varied lists reflect scholars’ ongoing commitment to
working collaboratively to build knowledge through different kinds of teaching, research, and community-oriented practice.

As for conferences, there are talks on rhetoric and performance everywhere these days: CCCC, RSA, WPA, Computers and Writing, Feminist(s) Rhetoric(s),
ASHR, NCA (where several performance studies groups also meet), NCTE-AR (Assembly for Research), etc.

Hopefully, all of the above information is helpful. For sure, if there’s anything else I can add or explain, I would be happy to do so. I’m also more
than willing to talk with 585ers individually if anyone is interested in pursuing a rhetoric and performance project, whether for teaching,
coursework, or a thesis.

Best, and thanks again to everyone for having me as a guest in your class,

Jenn/Dr. Fishman
Asst. Professor of English
Rhetoric & Composition
Restoration & 18-C Studies
UT-Knoxville 37996-0430

3. Gilday–Keene

Dear Dr. Keene,

1) What are the major professional organizations in your field of study?
Society for Technical Communication, CCCC, RSA

2) What are the major journals in your field?
Technical Communication; Tech Comm Quarterly; Journall of Business and Technical Communication; Editor & Publisher; Publisher’s Weekly; College English; College Composition and Communication; Computers and Writing; Journal of Advanced Composition

3) What are some of the major and/or most helpful works in your field of study?

Rhetoric, Research, and Research Methods
Goubil-Gambrell, Patricia. “A Practitioner’s Guide to Research Methods.” Technical Communication 39.4 (1992): 582-91.
Ornatowski, Cezar M. “Technical Communication and Rhetoric.” Foundations for Teaching Technical Communication. Ed. Katherine Staples and Cezar Ornatowski. Greenwich, CT: Ablex, 1997. 31-51.
Doheny-Farina, Stephen. “Writing in an Emerging Organization: An Ethnographic Study.” Written Communication 3.2 (1986): 158-85.

Audience Analysis and Adaption
Coney, Mary B. “Contemporary Views of Audience: A Rhetorical Perspective.” Technical Writing Teacher, 14.3 (1987): 319-36
Odell, Lee et al. “Studying Writing in Non-Academic Settings.” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 17-40.
Reiff, Mary Jo. “Rereading ‘Invoked’ and ‘Addressed’ Readers through a Social Lens: Toward a Recognition of Multiple Audiences.” JAC 16.3 (1996).

Organization and Composing Processes
Huston, Kathy, and Sherry Southard. “Organization: The Essential Element in Producing Usable Software Manuals.” Technical Communication 35.3 (1988): 179-88.
Flower, Linda, and John R. Hayes. “Images, Plans, and Prose: The Representation of Meaning in Writing.” Written Communication 1.1 (1984): 120-60.
Winkler, Victoria. “The Role of Models in Technical and Scientific Writing.” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 111-22.
Faigley, Lester, and Stephen Witte. “Topical Focus in Technical Writing.” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 59-68.
Locker, Kitty. “What Makes a Collaborative Writing Team Successful?” New Visions of Collaborative Writing. Ed. Janis Forman. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1992. 37-62.
Horton, William. “Let’s Do Away with Manuals . . . Before They Do Away with Us.” Technical Communication 40.1 (1993): 26-34.
Grice, Roger, and Ridgway, “Presenting Technical Information in Hypermedia Format.” Technical Communication Quarterly (Jan. 1995).
Kolosseus, Bauer, and Stephen Bernhardt. “From Writer to Designer.” Technical Communication Quarterly (Jan. 1995).

Style and Readability
Huckin, Thomas “A Cognitive Approach to Readability.” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 90-108.
Duffy, Thomas. “Readability Formulas, What’s the Use?” Designing Usable Texts. Ed. Thomas Duffy and Robert Waller. Orlando : Academic Press, 1985. 113-43.
Flower, Linda et al. “Revising Functional Documents.” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 41-58.
Ross, Susan Mallon, and Elizabeth Weise Moeller. “Multimedia and Hypermedia CBI: A Multidisciplinary Review of Research on Early Design Stages.” Journal of Business And Technical Writing 10.4 (1996): 428-60.
Kent, Thomas. “Schema Theory and Technical Communication.” Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 17.3 (1987): 243-252.
Redish, Janice. “Understanding People: The Relevance of Cognitive Psychology to Technical Communication.” Foundations for Teaching Technical Communication. Ed. Katherine Staples and Cezar Ornatowski. Greenwich, CT: Ablex, 1997. 67-84
Selzer, Jack. “What Constitutes a `Readable’ Technical Style?” New Essays In Technical Communication. Ed. Paul V. Anderson, R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood, 1983. 71-89.

Document Design
Elizabeth Keyes, Typography, Color, and Information Structure Bernhardt, Stephen A. “Seeing the Text.” College Composition and Communication Feb 1986: 66-86.
Horton, William. “Dangerous Differences: Making the Leap from Paper Documents to Online Documentation.” Proceedings: 37th International Technical Communication Conference, May 20-23, 1990, Santa Clara, CA. WE27-WE30.
Keyes, Elizabeth. “Visual Literacy for Effective Business Communication.” Proceedings: 37th International Technical Communication Conference, May 20-23, 1990, Santa Clara, CA. VC2-VC4.
Bernhart, Stephen A. “The Shape of Text to Come.” College Composition and Communication 44.2, 1993: 151-75.
Kostelnick, Charles. “From Pen to Print: The New Visual Landscape of Professional Communication.” Journal of Business and Technical Writing Jan 1994: 91-117.
Mirel, Barbara. “Visualizations for Data Exploration and Analysis: A Critical Review of Usability Research.” Technical Communication 45.4 (1998): 491-509.
Kostelnick, Charles. “Supra-Textual Design: The Visual Rhetoric of Documents.” Technical Communication Quarterly 5.1 (1996): 9-35.

Teaching Technical Writing
Connors, Robert J. “The Rise of Technical Writing Instruction in America.” Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 12.4 (1982): 329-51.
Maylath, Bruce. “Writing Globally: Teaching the Technical Writing Student to Prepare Documents for Translation.” Journal of Business and Technical Writing, 11.3 (1997): 339-52.
Kramer, Robert and Stephen A. Bernhardt. “Teaching Text Design.” Technical Communication Quarterly 5.1 (1996): 35-60.
“Web-Based Training: An Overview of Training Tools for the Technical Writing Industry.” (Driscoll & Reid, TCQ 1999)

Management Issues
Redish, Janice. “Adding Value as a Professional Technical Communicator.” Technical Communication 42.1 (1995): 26-39.

Philbin, Alice, ed. “1996 ATTW Bibliography.” Technical Communication Quarterly 6.4 (1997): 447-79. An annual bibliography appeared in the fall issueof TCQ each year until 1998.

1983. Anderson, Paul V., R. John Brockmann, and Carolyn R. Miller, eds. New Essays in Technical and Scientific Communication: Research, Theory, Practice. Farmingdale, N.Y.: Baywood. 1985. Odell, Lee, and Dixie Goswami, eds. Writing in Nonacademic Settings. New York and London: Guilford Press.

1986. Couture, Barbara, ed. Functional Approaches to Writing: Research Perspectives. London: Francis Pinter.

1989. Matalene, Carolyn B., ed. Worlds of Writing: Teaching and Learning in Discourse Communities of Work. New York: Random House.

1990. Bazerman, Charles, and James Paradis, eds. Textual Dynamics of the Professions: Historical and Contemporary Studies of Writing in Professional Communities. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press.

1991. Lay, Mary M., and William M. Karis, eds. Collaborative Writing in Industry: Investigations in Theory and Practice. Amityville, N.Y.: Baywood.

1992. Couture, Barbara. “Categorizing Professional Discourse: Engineering, Administrative, and Technical/Professional Writing.” Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 6, 5-37.

1993. Spilka, Rachel, ed. Writing in the Workplace: New Research Perspectives. Carbondale: Southern Illinois Univ. Press.

1993. Blyler, Nancy Roundy, and Charlotte Thralls, eds. Professional Communication: The Social Perspective. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.

1996. Duin, Ann Hill, and Craig J. Hansen (Eds.). Nonacademic Writing: Social Theory and Technology. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Press.

1995. Reynolds, J. F., Matalene, C. B., Magnotto, J. N., Samson, D.C. Jr., & Sadler, L. V. Professional Writing in Context: Lessons from Teaching and Consulting in Worlds of Work. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

1996. Sullivan, P., & Dautermann, J. (Eds.). Electronic Literacies in the Workplace: Technologies of Writing. Urbana, IL: NCTE.

1996. Winsor, Dorothy A. Writing like an engineer : a rhetorical education. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

1997. Pinelli, Thomas E., et al. Knowledge diffusion in the U.S. aerospace industry : managing knowledge for competitive advantage. Greenwich, Conn.: Ablex.

1997. Dautermann, Jennie. Writing at Good Hope: A Study of Negotiated Composition in a Community of Nurses (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

1998. MacNealy, Mary Sue. Strategies for Empirical Research in Writing. Allyn & Bacon.

1998. Lutz, Jean A, and Gilbert Storms, eds. The Practice of Technical and Scientific Communication: Writing in Professional Contexts (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

1998. Battalio, John T., ed. Essays in the Study of Scientific Discourse: Methods, Practice, and Pedagogy (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

1998. Battalio, John T. The Rhetoric of Science in the Evolution of American Ornithological Discourse (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

1998. Lutz, Jeana A., and C. Gilbert Storms, eds. The Practice of Technical and Scientific Communication: Writing in Professional Contexts (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

1999. Katz, Susan. The Dynamics of Writing Review: Opportunities for Growth and Change in the Workplace (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication, Vol 5). Ablex.

1999. Perkins, Jane, and Nancy Roundy Blyler, eds. Narrative and Professional Communication (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

2000. Coppola, Nancy W., and Bill Karis, eds. Technical Communication, Deliberative Rhetoric, and Environmental Discourse: Connections and Directions (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

2000. Kynell, Teresa C. Writing in a Milieu of Utility: The Move to Technical Communication in American Engineering Programs, 1850-1950, 2nd ed. (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

2000. Perkins, Jane, and Nancy Roundy Blyler, eds. Narrative and Professional Communication (ATTW Contemporary Studies in Technical Communication). Ablex.

2000. Johanek, Cindy. Composing Research: A Contextualist Paradigm for Rhetoric and Composition. Utah State University Press.

2002. Mirel, Barbara, and Rachel Spilka, eds. Reshaping Technical Communication: New Directions and Challenges for the 21st Century. Erlbaum.

2003. Peeples, Tom. Professional Writing and Rhetoric: Readings from the Field.

4. McGlothin–Benson

Greetings, Dennis! I enjoyed talking with the group and appreciate the interest in my work! I’ll respond with information that’s more about writing centers, even though I didn’t talk much about that, because I’m sure you would not get this information from the other visitors.
Best wishes,

1. Within your field(s), what are some of the most important professional organizations?
International Writing Centers Association; Council of Writing Program Administrators; Southeast Writing Center Association; European Writing Centers Association; NCTE/CCCC

2. What are some of the more important journals related to the field?
The Writing Center Journal; The Writing Lab Newlsetter; The WPA Journal; Research in the Teaching of English; CCC; College English; Written Communication

3.Finally, what are some of the foundational texts that someone in the field is expected to know?
These are more than you may want, and sorry to say they’re not in alphabetical order, but here are some of the most important texts:

Boquet, Elizabeth H. “Our Little Secret: A History of Writing Centers, Pre- to Post-Open Admissions.” College Composition and Communication 50.3 (1999): 463-82.

Carino, Peter. “Early Writing Centers: Toward a History.” The Writing Center Journal 15. 2 (1995): 103-15

“Open Admissions and the Construction of Writing Center History: A Tale of Three Models.” The Writing Center Journal 17.1 (1996): 30-48.

Brannon, Lil, and C.H. Knoblauch. “A Philosophical Perspective on Writing Centers and the Teaching of Writing.” In Olson: 36-47.

Bruffee, Kenneth A. “Peer Tutoring and the ‘Conversation of Mankind.’” In Olson: 3-15. In Murphy and Law: 87-98.
Olson, Gary A., ed. Writing Centers: Theory and Administration. Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1984.

Murphy, Christina, and Joe Law, eds. Landmark Essays on Writing Centers. Davis, CA: Hermagoras, 1995.

Clark, Beverly Lyon. Talking about Writing: A Guide for Tutor and Teacher Conferences. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1985.

Clark, Irene L. Writing in the Center: Teaching in a Writing Center Setting. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt, 1985.

Harris, Muriel. Teaching One-to-One: The Writing Conference. Urbana: International Council of Teachers of English, 1986.

Tutoring Writing: A Sourcebook for Writing Labs. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman, 1982.

Hawkins, Thorn and Phyllis Brooks, Eds. Improving Writing Skills. New Directions for College Learning Assistance. No. 3. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass, 1981.

Meyer, Emily and Louise Z. Smith. The Practical Tutor. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

North, Stephen. “The Idea of a Writing Center,” College English 46 (1984): 433-47.

Stewart, Joyce and Mary Croft. The Writing Laboratory. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman, 1982.

Dr. Kirsten F. Benson
Director, Writing Center
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville


4. Hammell–Reiff

Hi, Allison–
Here are my responses regarding further resources in the field:

major publications and books:

Key texts in rhetoric:
Bizzell, Patricia and Bruce Herzberg, ed. The Rhetorical Tradition. 2e.
James Berlin, Rhetoric and Reality
Connors, Ede & Lunsford, Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse

Key texts in writing research:
Kirsch, Gesa, and Patricia Sullivan, eds., Methods and Methodologies in Composition Research
Bazerman, Charles, ed. Handbook of Research on Writing

Key texts in composition theory/pedagogy:
Villanueva, Victor, ed.: Cross-talk in Comp Theory
Tate, Rupiper, and Schick, A Guide to Composition Pedagogies

College Composition and Communication
College English
Written Communication
Research in the Teaching of English

major professional associations in your field:
National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
Council of Writing Program Administrators (WPA)
Conference on College Composition and Communication
Association of Teachers of Technical Writing (ATTW)

books or articles that are the most important for your field of research in general:

Rhetorical Genre Studies:

Bazerman, Charles. Shaping Written Knowledge: The Genre and Activity of the Experimental Article in Science.

Beaufort, Anne.  College Writing and Beyond: A New Framework for University Writing Instruction.  Logan, UT: Utah State UP, 2007.

Coe, Richard, Lorelei Lingard, and Tatiana Teslenko.  The Rhetoric and Ideology of Genre: Strategies for Stability and Change.  New Jersey: Hampton Press, 2002.

Devitt, Amy. Writing Genres.  Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2004.

Freedman, Aviva and Peter Medway, eds. Learning and Teaching Genre.  Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1994.

Miller, Carolyn R.  “Genre as Social Action.”  Genre and the New Rhetoric.  Eds. Aviva Freedman and Peter Medway.  Bristol: Taylor and Francis, 1994.  23-42.

Swales, John M.  Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990.

Public Petition Research:

Fraser, Nancy.  “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy.”  Habermas and the Public Sphere.  Ed. Craig Calhoun.  Cambridge, MIT P, 1996.  109–42.

Portnoy, Alisse.  Their Right to Speak: Women’s Activism in the Indian and Slave Debates.  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard UP, 2005.

Salerno, Beth. Sister Societies: Women’s Antislavery Organizations in Antebellum America. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.

Zaekse, Susan.  Signatures of Citizenship: Petitioning, Antislavery, and Women’s Political Identity.  Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2003.

Zaret, David.  Origins of Democratic Culture: Printing, Petitions, and the Public Sphere in Early-Modern England.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2000.

Dr. Mary Jo Reiff
Associate Professor of English
Director of Composition
Chair, WC Subcommittee
English Department 311 McClung Tower